Located at the east section of the ancient Silk Road which connected China, Central Asia and Europe in ancient times, Dunhuang is well-known for its important geographic location, cultural heritage sites and fantastic landscape as well. Although it used to be forgotten by people for war and political reason for centuries, you can still discover its prosperity and glory now through the ruins, heritages and legends.
As early as the primitive society, the ancestors lived on hunting on the land. With the development of the Silk Road and Empire Han and Tang dynasty, it was rapidly prospered both in economy and culture. It became a very import hub for the exchange of goods and communication between ancient China and western. At present, the main industry in Dunhuang is agricultural and tourism.
The Mogao Grottoes, Crescent Spring and Echoing-sand Mountain are the highlights among tourists. Mogao Grottoes are also called Thousand Buddha Caves locating at the mountain foot of Echoing-sand Mountain 25km away from Dunhuang County. It is largest and most famous Buddhist art Temple. At present, there are 492 grottoes, 2100 Buddha sculptures with an area of 45,000 sqm of fresco. It features the exquisite carving skill, bright color and fantastic imagination.
Echoing-sand Mountain locates at the south of Dunhuang city. The mountain is totally made up of sand with 40 km long and 20 km wide. It features the fantastic sound made by the sand resonance. In the sunny day, even there is no wind, the sand still sounds like music from the instruments.
Crescent Spring is another peculiar attraction in Dunhuang. It locates near the Echoing-sand Mountain. It is also called Herbal Spring because there are many herbals planted close by. The spring stretches as long as 100 m from south to north with a width of 25m. The deepest water is 5m. For its crescent shape, hence the Crescent Spring. The crescent shape, the clean water, the fresh and tender fish and its long-time existence are the four wonders.
The best time to visit Dunhuang is from May to October. As an inland destination, Dunhuang enjoy a dry continental climate. The average temperature is 24 degrees centigrade in July and 9.3 degrees centigrade in Jan.
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